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Lets look a little more closely at these surprising results.
Would you like to guess the casino slots online hollywood percentage of the participants in the second group who solved the puzzle correctly?
In other words, the difference could easily be due to what statisticians call sampling error.
After all, with one simple yet brilliant experiment, researchers had proven that the conceptual link between thinking outside the box and creativity was a myth.In the early 1970s, a psychologist named.They are much more common than you probably think.One of Guilfords most famous studies was the nine-dot puzzle.Whats more, in statistical terms, this 5 percent improvement over the subjects of Guilfords original study is insignificant.The second group was told that the solution required the lines to be drawn outside the imaginary box bordering the dot array.Overnight, it seemed that creativity gurus everywhere were teaching managers how to think outside the box.
The idea went viral (via 1970s-era media and word of mouth, of course).
The nine-dot puzzle and the phrase thinking outside the box became metaphors for creativity and spread like wildfire in, management, psychology, the creative arts, engineering, and personal improvement circles.
That is, direct and explicit instructions to think outside the box did not help.
Copyright 2014 Drew Boyd.
The correct solution, however, requires you to draw lines that extend beyond the area defined by the dots.
Or so their consultants would have them believe.There seemed to be no end to the insights that could be offered under the banner of thinking outside the box.He challenged research subjects to connect all nine dots using just four straight lines without lifting their pencils from the page.The first group was given the same instructions as the participants in Guilfords experiment.

In other words, the trick was revealed in advance.


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